سوالات زبان عمومی و تخصصی سال 1386


بنابه درخواست Ouldouz

Part A: Vocabulary and Grammar
Directions: Choose the number of the answer (1) , (2) , (3) , or (4) that best completes the sentence. Then mark your choice on your answer sheet.

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1- We have ------------- all the latest safety features into the design so there is no need to worry about the project on that count.
1) derived
2) consisted
3) comprised
4) incorporated
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Answer:
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2 – She’s working for an overseas ----------------- of the company and earning a huge salary for an employee of her experience.
1) authority
2) accessory
3) subsidiary
4) supplementary
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Answer:
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3 – Many experts ---------------- rewarding your child for good behavior but few would suggest punishment for bad behavior.
1) amend
2) acquire
3) attribute
4) advocate
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Answer:
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4 – Malnutrition in the region is quite ----------------, affecting up to 78% of children under five.
1) conflicting
2) widespread
3) inconsistent
4) obligatory
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Answer:
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5 – The explosion was of such -------------- that it was heard five miles away ; it smashed shop windows all around the area.
1) intensity
2) deviation
3) enthusiasm
4) complement
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Answer:
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6 – Like any other activity, there are risks --------------- in almost every sport, even in the so-called safe sports.
1) inherent
2) possessive
3) proportional
4) foundational
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Answer:
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7 – Some children --------------- a complete transformation when they become teenagers.
1) evolve
2) compile
3) generate
4) undergo
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Answer:
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8 – You ought to -------------- till the lights were green before crossing the road if you wanted to avoid the accident.
1) be waiting
2) waiting
3) be waited
4) have waited
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Answer:
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9 – He went up the mountain with a group of people, few of --------------- were correctly equipped for such a climb.
1) them
2) those
3) whom
4) which
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Answer:
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10 – You know -------------- that it is impossible to pass the interview without good communication skills.
1) too good
2) well enough
3) very good
4) too well
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Answer:
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Part B: Cloze Test
Directions: Read the following passage and decide which choice (1), (2), (3), or (4) best fits each blank. Then mark your choice on your answer sheet.

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Rescue teams in Vietnam are racing (11) --------------- tens of thousands of people to safety ahead of rising flood-waters (12) ---------------- the expectation of further rainfalls. Officials say up to seven million people in Vietnam (13) ---------------- severe food shortages as the area copes (14) -------------- the worst flooding in decades. Officials say more than 400 people are dead, --------------- (15) the government has ordered all military personnel to help with rescue efforts
11 - 1) move .....2) to move.... 3) for moving.... 4) movement
12 - 1) or ....2) and ....3) as soon as.... 4) no sooner than
13 - 1) face.... 2) facing ....3) that face ....4) are faced
14 - 1) to ....2) by ..... 3) with .....4) over
15 - 1) while .....2) that..... 3) which...... 4) so that
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PART C: Reading Comprehension
Directions: Read the following two passages and answer the questions by choosing the best choice (1), (2), (3), or (4). Then mark the correct choice on your answer sheet.
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The soils of both portions of Malaysia have been exposed for a long period of time to intense tropical weathering, with the result that most of their plant nutrients have been leached out. Soils typically are strongly acidic and coarse-textured and have low amounts of organic matter. Any organic matter when exposed to weathering is rapidly oxidized, and the soils consequently become even poorer. Soil erosion is always a danger on sloping ground, where such additional measures as building contour embankments or planting protective cover crops are required.
16 – What does the passage mainly discuss?
1) Poor soil quality in Malaysia due to weathering
2) Steps needed to be taken to prevent soil erosion
3) Malaysian soil characteristics on sloping ground
4) Nutrients typically found in soils exposed to weathering
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Answer:
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17 – the phrase “leached” in line 3 is closest in meaning to ----------------- .
1) absorbed
2) enhanced
3) protruded
4) removed
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Answer:
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18 – According to passage, soils are usually all of the of the following EXCEPT ---------------.
1) acidic
2) weathered
3) coarse in structure
4) low in organic matter
.
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Answer:
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19 – Where does the author state that more additional steps are required for soil protection?
1) Sloping ground
2) Both portions of Malaysia
3) Tropical regions
4) Soils with oxidized organic matter
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Answer:
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20 – The passage includes all of the following EXCEPT -----------------.
1) description
2) problem presentation
3) classification
4) cause and effect
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Answer:
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Although measures to stop soil erosion are now used in most technologically advanced countries, the problem remains a major one. It is particularly severe in the tropics, where high rainfall and steeply sloping ground favour the rapid loss of any soil exposed by agriculture, and around the edges of the world’s deserts, where destruction of natural plant cover by cultivation or livestock grazing causes soil loss through wind action and the spread of desert-like conditions.
To prevent wind erosion, shelter belts of trees have been planted to break the force of the wind. The practice of covering soils with plant litter ( mulch ) when they are not actually covered with growing plants also helps to hold them in place. Cultivating at right angles to the direction of the wind further serves to prevent wind erosion.
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21 – Paragraph 1 presents ---------------.
1) the causes of a problem
2) a paradoxical situation
3) a problem along with its solution
4) the effects of a malpractice in agriculture
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Answer:
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22 – The word “one” in line 2 refers to ------------------.
1) country
2) erosion
3) measure
4) problem
.
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Answer:
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23 – Paragraph 2 is mainly concerned with ---------------------------.
1) how to fight wind erosion
2) what causes wind erosion
3) where to cover soils with plant litter
4) what shelter belts do to prevent wind erosion
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Answer:
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24 – Where in the passage does the author mention the role played by animals toward soil loss?
1) Lines 1- 2
2) Lines 3 -4
3) Line 5
4) Line 8
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Answer:
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25 – For which of the following words does the passage include an equivalent?
1) Angle
2) Edge
3) Litter
4) Tropics
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Answer:
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In irrigation agriculture, in which water is brought in to supply the needs of crops in an area with in sufficient rainfall, a particular soil-management problem that develops is the salinization (concentration of salts) of the surface soil. This most commonly results from inadequate drainage of the irrigated land; because the water cannot flow freely, it evaporates, and the salts dissolved in the water are left on the surface of the soil. Even though the water does not contain a large concentration of dissolved salts, the accumulation over the years can be significant enough to make the soil unsuitable for crop production. Effective drainage solves the problem; in many cases, drainage canals must be constructed and drainage tiles must be laid beneath the surface of the soil. Drainage also requires the availability of an excess of water to flush the salts from the surface soil. In certain heavy soils with poor drainage, this problem can be quite severe; for example, large areas of formerly irrigated land in the Indus basin, in the Tigris-Euphrates region, in the Nile Basin, and in the western United States have been seriously damaged by salinization.
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26 – What is the best title for the passage?
1) Salinization of Soil
2) Effective Drainage System
3) Problems of Irrigation Agriculture
4) Surface Soil-Management
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Answer:
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27- According to the passage, the main cause of the problem discussed in the passage is --------------.
1) Insufficient rainful
2) Inadequate drainage
3) Porous soil surface
4) Inadequate water evaporation
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Answer:
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28 – Effective drainage involves all of the following EXCEPT ---------------------.
1) construction of drainage canals
2) utilization of heavy soils on the surface
3) laying drainage tile under soil surface
4) extra water to wash the salts off the surface
.
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Answer:
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29 – Where in the passage does the author refer to some places severely affected by salinization?
1) Lines 1-3
2) Lines 6- 8
3) Lines 10 – 11
4) 4Lines 12- 14
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Answer:
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30 – What is the author’s attitude towards the main subject of the passage?
1) concerned
2) indifferent
3) sarcastic
4) supportive
.
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Answer:
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1 comment:

Ouldouz said...

Salam,vagean dastetoon dard nakone, nemidunam chetor tashakkor konam,Thank you!